CAN-ASC-5.1 Standard on Emergency Measures: Public Review Draft – 9. Post-incident response and mitigation

9.1 Recovery

The organization should develop strategies to recover to a defined acceptable operational level. The most significant barriers to recovery for persons with disabilities and vulnerable persons include housing, transportation, employment, physical and mental health and accessing recovery services.

During this phase the organization should collect and use data on population demographics and vulnerabilities to consider who needs what support and when. This will ensure that recovery of the most vulnerable people can be supported, and that recovery will be better aligned to the needs of those most in need.

In some situations, recovery can be a slow process and can require a period of living with temporary arrangements. Organizations should seek to ensure that the needs of persons with disabilities are considered in the planning, design or assignment of temporary post-disaster shelter and other services, which must be accessible and functional according to their needs.

9.2 Recovery impact assessment

The organization should conduct an assessment of impacts and needs for recovery. This process is an evaluation of the impacts of the emergency, and the wider needs of, people, places, and processes. The impact assessment should consider impacts across the following domains:

  1. community (e.g., vulnerable persons, community participation, social services, culture);
  2. economic (e.g., business continuity, financing);
  3. infrastructure (e.g., energy, transportation, telecommunications, construction);
  4. environment (e.g., environmental health, climate change, sustainability);
  5. health and safety (e.g., healthcare, public health, workplace and public safety);
  6. governance (e.g., policy, emergency management, communications, partnerships).

The activities to develop the impact assessment should include:

  1. understanding the context of the emergency;
  2. collection of data and calculation of losses;
  3. select action areas for recovery and renewal activities.

9.3 Recovery plan

The recovery plan establishes short and long-term recovery priorities, and identifies and assigns the following:

  1. critical functions;
  2. services/programs;
  3. vital resources;
  4. facilities; and
  5. infrastructure.

The recovery plan should outline the support to people, places and processes that have been impacted by the emergency, recognizing the importance of power and partners and potentially working in collaboration with other agencies and organizations for recovery (e.g., local authorities, emergency services, local communities and people). The short-term activities should reflect on the emergency to learn lessons, review preparedness for future crises, and reinstate operations in affected parts of the system.